Salvage

Reclaiming usable product that has been condemned by the shipper/receiver.

Seal

A thin metal or plastic strip fastened to the doors of a trailer to determine if there was unauthorized entry during shipment.

Shipment

1) The tender of one lot of cargo at one time from one shipper to one consignee on one bill of lading;

2) Freight tendered with a shipping document at an origin for a destination.

Shipper

1) The person or company who is usually the supplier or owner of commodities shipped – also called Consignor;

2) Person shipping vehicle from origin and including shipper’s agents, employees and independent contractors acting on behalf of the shipper, receiver and beneficial owner; usually the person sending shipment instructions.

Shippers Association

A non-profit entity that represents the interests of a number of shippers. The main focus of shippers associations is to pool the cargo volumes of members to leverage the most favorable service contract rate levels.

Shipper’s Instructions

Shipper’s communication(s) to its agent and / or directly to the carrier. Instructions may be varied, e.g., specific details / clauses to be printed on the B/L, directions for cargo pickup and delivery.

Shipper’s Load & Count (SL&C)

Shipments loaded and sealed by shippers and not checked or verified by the carriers.

Shipping Instructions

Bill of lading sent via EDI or fax from the shipper.

Shipping Mark

The letters, numbers or other symbols placed on the outside of cargo to facilitate identification.

Shipping Order

A shipper’s instructions to carrier for forwarding goods – usually the triplicate copy of the bill of lading.

Shipping Weight

Shipping weight represents the gross weight in kilograms of shipments, including the weight of moisture content, wrappings, crates, boxes, and containers (other than cargo vans and similar substantial outer containers).

Shortage

When quantity received is less than shown on the waybill.

Short Ton (ST)

A unit of measure equal to 2,000 pounds.

Shrink Wrap

Polyethylene or similar substance heat-treated and shrunk into an envelope around several units, thereby securing them as a single pack for presentation or to secure units on a pallet.

Side Kit

Framework and canvas on a flatbed that converts it to a covered wagon.

Side Loader

A lift truck fitted with lifting attachments operating to one side for handling containers.

Skids

Battens, or a series of parallel runners, fitted beneath boxes or packages to raise them clear of the floor to permit easy access of forklift blades or other handling equipment.

Sleepers

Loaded containers moving within the railroad system that are not clearly identified on any internally generated reports.

Sliding Fifth Wheel

A fifth wheel assembly capable of being moved forward or backward on the tractor to adjust the load distribution between the tractor and trailer axles.

Sliding tandem

A two axle assembly capable of being moved forward or
backward on the trailer to obtain ideal load distribution.

Slip Sheets

Thick sheets of cardboard placed under a unit of the load – instead of a pallet.

Solo or Single

One driver.

Spare Ratio or Out-of-Service Ratio

The excess number of vehicles in the fleet not required for peak period revenue service, divided by the total size of the fleet. Calculated separately for locomotives, coaches and cab cars. Spare equipment is required to enable revenue service to be maintained while allowing for routine and unscheduled maintenance and repair needs.

Spotting

Placing a vehicle where required to be loaded or unloaded.

Spreader

A piece of equipment designed to lift containers by their corner
castings.

Spread Tandem

A two axle assembly in which the axles can be separated to
elongate the trailer.

Statute Of Limitation

A law limiting the time in which claims or suits may be
instituted.

Step Deck (SD)

A flatbed with a raised platform at the front of the trailer.

Straddle Carrier

Mobile truck equipment with the capacity for lifting a container
within its own framework.

Straight Bill of Lading

A non-negotiable bill of lading that states a specific
identity to which the goods should be delivered. See Bill of Lading.

Straight Truck

Usually a van type truck that has the cargo container on the same
chassis as the cab.

Stretch

A flatbed that can be elongated by means of a slide-rail mechanism.

Subsidiary

A company owned by another company that controls a majority of its
stock.

Surcharge

An extra or additional charge.

TL

Indicates a full truckload.

Tandem

Means a tractor with two drive axles –or- a trailer with two closely placed axles.

Tank Container

Any tank used for bulk transportation without a permanently affixed undercarriage that may be mounted on a chassis.

Tare Weight

The weight of packing material, or in railcar or container shipments, the weight of the empty railcar or empty container.

Tariff

A publication from a company that sets forth the charges, ticket fares, and shipping rates (and the rules governing the use of them), of that company’s services. Tariffs are typically associated with transportation companies; however other businesses, such as phone companies, also publish tariffs. Types include ad valorem, specific, variable, or some combination.

Tariff Act of 1930

Title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, provides for the imposition of antidumping duties on imported merchandise found to have been sold in the United States at “less than fair value,” if these sales have caused or are likely to cause material injury to, or materially retard the establishment of, an industry in the United States.

Tariff Schedule

A comprehensive list of the goods that a country may import and the import duties applicable to each product.

Tariff Schedules of the United States Annotated

Effective 1979 to January 1989, the U.S. import statistics were initially collected and compiled in terms of the commodity classifications in the Tariff Schedules of the United States Annotated (TSUSA), an official publication of the U.S. International Trade Commission embracing the legal text of the Tariff Schedules of the United States (TSUS) together with statistical annotations. The Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated superseded this publication for Statistical Reporting Purposes (HTSUSA) in January 1989.

Effective 1979 to January 1989, the U.S. export statistics were initially collected and compiled in terms of the commodity classifications in Schedule B, Statistical Classification of Domestic and Foreign Commodities Exported from the United States. Schedule B is a U.S. Bureau of the Census publication and, during this period, was based on the framework of the TSUS. In January 1989, Schedule B based on the Harmonized System replaced this publication.

Tarps

The types of tarpaulins are:
Steel: Specially manufactured tarps that fit coil or flat steel shipments.
Lumber: Tarps that are designed to fit lumber loads covering the front, rear and sides of the load.
Smoke: Small canvas or vinyl tarps tied to the front top of the load to avoid the smoke from the truck exhaust.

Team

Two drivers; allowing the truck to cover more miles in a 24-hour period.

Temperature Recorder

A device to record temperature in a container while cargo is en route.

Terminal Charge

A charge made for a service performed in a carrier’s terminal area.

Through Rate

The total rate from the point of origin to final destination.

Ton Mile

1) A unit used in comparing freight earnings or expenses;
2) The amount earned from the cost of hauling a ton of freight one mile.
3) The movement of a ton of freight one mile.

Tonnage

Generally refers to freight handled.

Tractor

Unit of highway motive power used to pull one or more trailers containers.

Trailer

A freight vehicle with undercarriage wheels or mounted on chassis used for highway or rail transportation.

Transport

To move traffic from one place to another.

Transportation

The movement of traffic between points.

Transportation Bond

Allows foreign merchandise arriving at one port to be transported in bond through the U.S. to be exported from another port, without paying duty.

Trip Lease

Allows a truck assigned to one carrier to pull a single load for another carrier.

Trip-Pak

A system similar to FEDEX available in most truck stops to send PODs
to the carrier’s offices.

Trucker Interchange

A contract between a railroad and a drayman allowing for the removal of a rail-controlled vehicle from a railroad’s facility for a shipment delivery or pickup.

Turnaround

The time it takes between the arrival of a vessel/truck/train/aircraft and its departure. Typically refers to an endpoint of a route instead of an intermediate point.

Two Way Pallets

A pallet so designed that the forks of a forklift truck can be inserted from two sides only.